Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[two] also by each sexes.[3] A lot more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Enterprise rule in India.[7][8]

The all over the world utilization of pajamas (the term as well as the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first 50 percent of the nineteenth century. They did not become a trend in Britain and the Western globe as sleeping apparel for guys right until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of usage at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted classes, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an short article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the routine just like a great several Other folks from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils Click here ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect normally features a placket entrance and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals prefer to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas are frequently named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century These are instead exceptional.

Contemporary pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are numerous variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of shorter costume major in excess of shorts or limited pants.[18]

Pajamas may perhaps now check with Women of all ages's blend daywear, particularly in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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